hamster in a wheel

5 Most Common Types Of Hamster Breeds

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Hamsters are small burrowing rodents that are characterized by a short tail and large cheek pouches. The pouches are for carrying food and for looking extremely cute of course! They are mostly found in Europe and Northern Asia. Theses rodents belong to the subfamily known as Cristinae. It contains about 25 species that are classified in several genus. Nowadays hamsters are kept as pets since they are harmless, fun and furry and easily breed in captivity. They also eat only a small amount of food and hence it is easy and cheap to look after them. They are mostly active at night. Below are 5 common types of hamster you might want to consider as a pet.

Campbell’s Hamster

The rodent is scientifically known as Phodopus Campbelli. Its estimated size is around 4 to 4.5 inches and hence it’s mostly referred to as Campbell’s dwarf hamster. The rodent life expectancy is around 1 to 2 years but sometimes it can be extended. For those who keep it as pets, it has a unique temperament. It is curious, bright little sparks and popular pet.

The rodent is available in a wide varieties of colors. They range from agouti to solid white, greys and white, beiges and the eyes could be either black, red or white. A single Campbell’s hamster takes a small space of about 2 feet of the living space. They are best kept in same sex pairs or in small groups.

Winter White Hamster

The rodent is known scientifically as Phodopus Sungorus. It originated from Siberia in the grasslands of the southwest. It is a bit smaller compared to Campbell’s hamster since its size is about 3 to 4 inches. Winter white hamster has a short life expectancy of 1 to 2 years. Regarding their temperament, they are easily frightened compared to their counterpart Campbell’s.

The rodent has a variety of colors but the pure bred winter white hamster is available in two colors. It is either in dark brown or in a sapphire gray. This is then decorated by a pattern that creates a white color on the base with a sprinkling of darker guard hairs. They are also kept in same-sex pairs and they interact very well.

Chinese Hamster

Chinese hamster is scientifically known as Cricetus Griseus and is known to originate from Mongolia and northern china. The rodent is slightly different with others as it is considered as a fast runner. It is a very skilled climber and uses its tail to balance itself unlike the other hamsters that use their paws to grip at anything. The rodent has an elongated life expectancy of about 3 to 4 years.

It has a variety of colors but mostly it has a short dark brown fur. There also exist white spotted variety. The size ranges from 4 to 5 inches meaning it is much larger than the Campbell’s and winter white hamsters. These pets are housed singly as they are more timid than the Syrian hamster. They will be friendly and playful in their cages, that is as long as they are housed in a good quality hamster cage of a reasonable size.

Roborovski Hamster

The hamster has a scientific name of Phodopus Roboroviski. These hamsters also originated in Mongolia and northern china like Chinese hamsters. It is small in size compared to others. Has a body size of 1.5 to 2 inches and that’s why they are sometimes regarded as dwarf. They are found in two varieties: the white faced variety and the wild tan with a charming whitish eyebrows marking.

They have an average life expectancy of 2.5 to 3 years compared to the Campbell’s and white winter hamsters. They are mostly active at night although they sometimes fall asleep. They are exceptionally quick, social and are best kept in same-sex pairs or in small groups.

Syrian Hamster

The Syrian hamster has a scientific name of Mesocricetus Auratus. As its name, the rodent originated from Syria. It is the largest of all the hamsters since it has a size of 6 to 7 inches that is double or triple than some of the other hamster . Syrian hamsters have a life expectancy of about 2.5- 3 years. The rodents are solitary and they are mostly active at night. It is an easily managed or handle hamster. It is energetic, playful, curious, clean and also quiet.

The rodent is distinguished by either a long or a short fur and has a variety of colors that ranges from dark brown, cream, black or white spotted. The male hamsters are generally relaxed, calm and self composed than the female ones that are fast and active in their rest rooms.

Many of the hamsters described above are characterised as having good temperaments. This is only achieved if the pet is fed well with a varied diet, given plenty of exercise and not allowed to get bored and further more housed in a decent sized hamster home.


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